Every district has weaving clusters, which are home to artisan communities, each specialising in specific varieties of handloom weaving. Following the West Bengal State Assembly Election in 2011, the All India Trinamool Congress and Indian National Congress coalition under Mamata Banerjee of the All India Trinamool Congress was elected to power with 225 seats in the legislature. Both West and East Bengal experienced large influxes of refugees during and after partition in 1947. The University of Calcutta and Jadavpur University are prestigious technical universities.  Before its renovation in 2011, it was the second largest football stadium in the world, having a seating capacity of 120,000. Kolkata is the only city in India to have trams as a mode of transport; these are operated by the Calcutta Tramways Company.  Other larger cities and towns in West Bengal are: Durgapur, Howrah, Bardhaman, Baharampur, Jalpaiguri, Kharagpur and Chandannagar.  Significant strides have been made in reducing unemployment, though the state suffers from substandard healthcare services, a lack of socio-economic development, poor infrastructure, unemployment and civil violence. In actual numbers, males and females were 31,844,945 and 30,338,168 respectively. In Bengal, 71% of women aged 15–49 years and 81% of men aged 15–49 years are literate. , Eid al-Fitr is the most important Muslim festival in West Bengal.  Bengal suffered from the Great Bengal famine in 1943, which claimed three million lives during World War II. According to the 2014 electoral rolls, the electorate included 7,59,317 men, 7,07,604 women and 0 voters of the third gender. Some contemporary directors include veterans such as: Buddhadeb Dasgupta, Tarun Majumdar, Goutam Ghose, Aparna Sen, and Rituparno Ghosh, and a newer pool of directors such as Kaushik Ganguly and Srijit Mukherji. The Scottish Church College, the oldest Christian liberal arts college in South Asia, started in 1830. The judiciary is composed of the Calcutta High Court and a system of lower courts. West Bengal has emerged as the state with the largest number of cattle in 2019 (Chart 2), followed by Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh. , West Bengal is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy, a feature the state shares with other Indian states. 21. The Ganges delta and the Sundarbans area have numerous rivers and creeks. , The origin of the name Bengal (Bangla and Bongo in Bengali) is unknown. This urban general constituency has an estimated Scheduled Caste population of 11.72% and a Scheduled Tribe population of 1.02%. The Farakka barrage over the Ganges feeds the Hooghly branch of the river by a feeder canal.  Several Vedic realms were present in the Bengal region, including Vanga, Rarh, Pundravardhana and the Suhma Kingdom.  The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, part of NFR, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This indicates the importance of public provision of health services to mitigate against poverty and the impact of illness on poor households. The Left Front, led by the Communist Party of India (Marxist), governed the state for the next three decades. Muslim Population in West Bengal is 2.47 Crore (27.01 percent) of total 9.13 Crore. The main seasons are summer, the rainy season, a short autumn and winter. Among men, western dress has greater acceptance. The Lady Brabourne College was established in 1939. … (1955). Kharisha is a Census Town city in district of Purba Medinipur, West Bengal. A leather complex has been built in Kolkata. It is the largest stadium in India by seating capacity. Secondary schools are affiliated with the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE), the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), the National Institute of Open School (NIOS), West Bengal Board of Secondary Education, or the West Bengal Board of Madrasah Education.  Scheduled castes and tribes form 28.6% and 5.8% of the population, respectively, in rural areas and 19.9% and 1.5%, respectively, in urban areas.  The state has shown improvement regarding bandhs (strikes) and educational infrastructure. It is decked up in lighting decorations and thousands of colourful pandals are set up where effigies of the goddess Durga and her four children are displayed and worshipped. Bengali Hindus consolidate a vast part of the population over here. The state's main ethnic group are the Bengalis, with the Bengali Hindus forming the demographic majority.  As of 2001, in decreasing order of number of speakers, the languages of the state are: Bengali (85.27%), Hindi (7.17%), Santali (2.80%), Urdu (2.06%), and Nepali (1.28%).  Kolkata has played a pioneering role in the development of the modern education system in India. The region was later conquered by the British East India Company at the Battle of Plassey in 1757..  The Bengali word Bongo might have been derived from the ancient kingdom of Vanga (or Banga). C. V. Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize for his discovery (Raman Effect) done at the IACS. In early summer, brief squalls and thunderstorms known as Kalbaisakhi, or Nor'westers, often occur. The Kolkata metro is the country's first underground railway. Some prominent financial dailies such as: The Economic Times, Financial Express, Business Line and Business Standard are widely circulated.  The state's per capita income has lagged the all India average for over two decades. , Poush Mela is a popular winter festival of Shantiniketan, with performances of folk music, Baul songs, dance, and theatre taking place throughout the town.  The stadium is the home to various cricket teams such as the Kolkata Knight Riders, the Bengal cricket team and the East Zone. It has been observed that there has been a slow but steady decline in the percentage share of industry and agriculture over the years. Bengali dance forms draw from folk traditions, especially those of the tribal groups, as well as the broader Indian dance traditions. The population density of the state is about 1030 persons per square kilometer. , According to the provisional results of the 2011 national census, West Bengal is the fourth-most-populous state in India with a population of 91,347,736 (7.55% of India's population). To conclude it, the population of West Bengal in 2019 as per estimates = 96.33904 Million.  Ananda Bazar Patrika, published in Kolkata with 1,277,801 daily copies, has the largest circulation for a single-edition, regional language newspaper in India. Asansol is the second-largest city and urban agglomeration in West Bengal. Particularly on cultural occasions, men also wear traditional costumes such as the panjabi with dhuti while women wear salwar kameez or sari. Bolpur is a Lok Sabha / Parliamentary constituency in South West Bengal region of West Bengal in East India. At the present time, the population growth is 7.48% consistently and it is in like manner beating diverse states in regards to the growing Muslim population. , As of 2016 85% of children within the 6 to 17-year age group attend school (86% do so in urban areas and 84% in rural areas). When we go through the population figures of Howrah from 2014-18, it shows that in a span of the last 5 years the population has gone up by 0.556 Million.  The alluvial soil of the Gangetic plain, combined with favourable rainfall, makes this region especially fertile. Jhargram Election Results 2019 @ 8:33 AM: The votes counting has begun and all eyes are on the Jhargham constituency. This semi-urban general constituency has an estimated Scheduled Caste population of 20.63% and a Scheduled Tribe population of 0.18%. West Bengal Caste/Religion Wise population, WestBengal Caste wise demographics, Demographics of Kolkata, West Bengal Religion wise population, West Bengal Population, West Bengal Population and Census, Religion in West Bengal, West Bengal Basic Information, Sikh population in West Bengal, upper caste population in West Bengal. Therefore, the population of West Bengal in 2019 is 95.8992 Million + 0.43984 Million = 96.33904 Million. Migratory birds come to the state during the winter. Contents: Cities and Towns. , A notable music tradition is the Baul music, practised by the Bauls, a sect of mystic minstrels. The Lamas chant mantras and sound their bugles, and students, as well as people from every community, carry the holy books or pustaks on their heads.  Recognising its special conservation value, the Sundarbans area has been declared a Biosphere Reserve. , Ganga Sagar Mela coincides with the Makar Sankranti, and hundreds of thousands of Hindu pilgrims converge where the river Ganges meets the sea to bathe en masse during this fervent festival.. KOLKATA: The West Bengal government on Monday stayed all activities relating to the preparation and update of the National Population Register … 22% of women and 14% of men age 15–49 years have never attended school. Chhau dance of Purulia is a rare form of masked dance. universal among the 6 to 14-year age group then drops to 70% with the 15 to 17-year age group. To get to the population of West Bengal in 2019, the population of the previous 5 years needs to be seen. The Bengali Muslim population in West Bengal just after 1947 partition was around 12%.  The Darjeeling Himalayan hill region in the northern extreme of the state is a part of the eastern Himalayas mountain range. The British East India Company defeated Siraj ud-Daulah, the last independent Nawab, in the Battle of Plassey in 1757. Folk music in West Bengal is often accompanied by the ektara, a one-stringed instrument. In 2012, Uttar Pradesh had the largest number of cattle but this population has come down by almost 4 per cent since.  Sweets occupy an important place in the diet of Bengalis and at their social ceremonies. 70.54%. Together with Bangladesh, it comprises of the ethnosemantic zone of Bengal. West Bengal's debt rose sharply for two-decades (FY 2000-01) in contrast to other Non-Special Category (NSC) states.  Under Ashoka, the Maurya Empire of Magadha in the 3rd century BCE extended over nearly all of South Asia, including Afghanistan and parts of Balochistan. 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