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eu immigration statistics by country 2018

Eurostat International Migration statistics: Immigration; Dataset | 15 January 2021. This page has been accessed 688,093 times. In addition, 1.4 million people previously residing in one EU-27 Member State migrated to another Member State. Country level. Back to table of contents The EU-27 aggregates on Acquisitions of citizenship data for 2012, 2011 and 2010 include Romanian data for 2009. The number of people residing in an EU Member State with citizenship of a non-member country on 1 January 2019 was 21.8 million, representing 4.9 % of the EU-27 population. Germany, Romania and Poland: estimate; Poland, Bulgaria, Slovakia and the United Kingdom: provisional. However, most “blue” and “red” countries in the map have been losing population for several decades. People in the EU: who are we and how do we live? The EU-27 aggregates on Immigration by country of previous residence data for 2013-2018 includes UK in the composition of the EU because EU-27 data is not available for Cyprus. Concerning the definitions of age for migration flows, please note that 2018 data concern the respondent’s age reached or age at the end of the reference year for all EU-27 Member States with the exception of Ireland, Greece, Austria, Malta, Romania and Slovenia. In 2019, India, Poland and Pakistan were the top three countries of birth for the foreign-born, accounting respectively for 9%, 9% and 6% of the total (Figure 5). Pablo Tosco / Oxfam Intermón. Some of the most important legal texts adopted in the area of immigration include: Legislative documents - European Agenda on Migration, Press material - European Agenda on Migration. Population Statistics. Keeping this cookie enabled helps us to improve our website. Although high percentages are shown in red in the map, high numbers are not necessarily bad per se (if emigration is counteracted by high birth rate or immigration, as in the case of Ireland and Portugal). The number of Venezuelans rose by nearly 40 times in 2019 compared to 2018. Africapolis. Different demographic developments are observed in eastern and western Germany. In relative terms, the EU-27 Member State with the highest share of non-nationals was Luxembourg, as non-nationals accounted for 47 % of its total population. Immigration of this kind embodies not only lawbreaking but also unfairness, penalizing those from other countries who wish to live in the United States but abide by the established rules for doing so. Population and Vital Statistics. These were the only EU-27 Member States where national immigration accounted for more than half of the total number of immigrants — see Figure 3. More. If an asylum seeker lodges once more an application in the same country after any period of time, (s)he is not considered again a first-time applicant. Focusing on how climate change, demography and economic factors create new reasons pushing people to move, it confirmed that the drivers behind migratory pressure on Europe were structural, thus making it all the more essential to deal with the matter efficiently and uniformly. By clicking Accept you are consenting to the use of them. Regular immigration: the EU is competent to lay down the conditions governing entry into and legal residence in a Member State, including for the purposes of family reunification, for third-country nationals. A European Commission Communication adopted in October 2008 emphasised the importance of strengthening the global approach to migration: increasing coordination, coherence and synergies (COM(2008) 611 final) as an aspect of external and development policy. Publications on statistics (EU bookshop) Most consulted statistics. As reported in the July 2018 migration statistics quarterly report, Home Office visa and Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) data show that non-EU long-term student immigration has remained broadly stable since 2013. In addition, it may generate mutual economic benefits for businesses and consumers, including those who remain at home, as internal obstacles are steadily removed. Population archives. Highest naturalisation rates in Sweden and Romania. On the 4th of December 2018, the Commission published a progress report on the implementation of the European Agenda on Migration, examining progress made and shortcomings in the implementation of the European Agenda on Migration. By contrast, Poland reported low shares of foreign-born, 2 % of its total population on 1 January 2019, followed by Bulgaria (2.5 %), Romania (3.2 %) and Slovakia(3.6 %). EU Member States granted citizenship to almost 1 million persons in 2013, Population without the citizenship of the reporting country (tps00157), Immigration by five year age group, sex, and citizenship (migr_imm1ctz), Immigration by five year age group, sex and country of birth (migr_imm3ctb), Immigration by age , sex and broad group of citizenship (migr_imm2ctz), Immigration by age, sex and broad group of country of birth (migr_imm4ctb), Immigration by sex, citizenship and broad group of country of birth (migr_imm6ctz), Immigration by sex, country of birth and broad group of citizenship (migr_imm7ctb), Immigration by five year age group, sex, and country of previous residence (migr_imm5prv), Immigration by age group, sex and level of human development of the country of citizenship (migr_imm9ctz), Immigration by age group, sex and level of human development of the country of birth (migr_imm10ctb), Immigration by age group, sex and level of human development of the country of previous residence (migr_imm11prv), Immigration by broad group of country of previous residence (migr_imm12prv), Emigration by five year age group, sex and citizenship (migr_emi1ctz), Emigration by five year age group, sex and country of birth (migr_emi4ctb), Emigration by five year age group, sex, and country of next usual residence (migr_emi3nxt), Emigration by broad group of country of next usual residence (migr_emi5nxt), Acquisition of citizenship by sex, age group and former citizenship (migr_acq), Residents who acquired citizenship as a share of residents non-citizens by former citizenship and sex(%) (migr_acqs), Acquisition of citizenship by sex, age group and level of human development of former citizenship (migr_acq1ctz), Loss of citizenship by sex and new citizenship (migr_lct), Population on 1 January by age, sex and broad group of citizenship (migr_pop2ctz), Population on 1 January by age group, sex and citizenship (migr_pop1ctz), Population on 1 January by age group, sex and country of birth (migr_pop3ctb), Population on 1 January by age, sex and broad group of country of birth (migr_pop4ctb), Population on 1 January by sex, citizenship and broad group of country of birth (migr_pop5ctz), Population on 1 January by sex, country of birth and broad group of citizenship (migr_pop6ctb), Population on 1 January by age group, sex and level of human development of the country of citizenship (migr_pop7ctz), Population on 1 January by age group, sex and level of human development of the country of birth (migr_pop8ctb), EU and EFTA citizens who are usual residents in another EU/EFTA country as of 1 January (migr_pop9ctz), Population (Demography, Migration and Projections), Knowledge Centre on Migration and Demography, European Commission — Migration and Home Affairs, Legislative documents — European agenda on migration, Press materials — European agenda on migration, Global Citizenship Observatory (GLOBALCIT), The CLANDESTINO project on irregular migration in the EU, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Migration_and_migrant_population_statistics&oldid=505845, Asylum seekers usual residents for at least 12 months, Belgium, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, United Kingdom, Norway, Switzerland, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Croatia, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland, Sweden, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Refugees usual residents for at least 12 months, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland, Sweden, United Kingdom, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland, Belgium, Germany, Estonia, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Norway, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Ireland, Croatia, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland, Sweden, Iceland, Liechtenstein. Also in 2019, EU countries granted protection to 295,800 asylum seekers, down from 333,400 in 2018, which was almost 40% lower than in 2017 (533,000). The majority of Turks (59 %) received German citizenship, and around half of the Brazilians received Italian citizenship (46 %). The topic of immigration looms large, as immigration numbers have grown in the last 27 years. Further Press Releases. In 2018, there were an estimated 2.4 million immigrants to the EU-27 from non-EU-27 countries and about 1.1 million people emigrated from EU-27 to a country outside the EU-27 - see Figure 1. 24 Sep 2018 - 06:46 UTC. Definition of Foreign-born participation rates. Citizens of EU-27 Member States who acquired citizenship of another EU-27 Member State amounted to 89.6 thousand persons, thus accounting for 13 % of the total. The distribution by age of foreigners shows, compared with nationals, a greater proportion of relatively young working age adults. Back to Immigration statistics year ending December 2018 content page.. The European migration network annual report on immigration and asylum (2016) was published in April 2017. Permanent immigrant inflows cover regulated movements of foreigners considered to be settling in the country from the perspective of the destination country. Significant resources have been mobilised to fight people smuggling and trafficking networks in the EU. However, these total figures do not represent the migration flows to/from the EU-27 as a whole, since they also include flows between … The nearly 50 million U.S. residents in 2017 who hailed from outside the country… Eurostat produces statistics on a range of issues related to international migration flows, non-national population stocks and the acquisition of citizenship. Acquisition of citizenship data are rounded to the nearest multiple of 5 for Germany on provisional basis for 2018. This cookie is installed by Google Analytics. Acquisition of citizenship data by individual former citizenship are not available for Romania for 2017 and 2018. Click here to browse the ONS statistics for yourself. Current news. In these countries as well as in the United Kingdom data concern the respondent's age completed or on their last birthday. For comparison: The corresponding figure for the United States is just 0.9%. In addition, there were 13.3 million persons living in one of the EU-27 Member States on 1 January 2019 with the citizenship of another EU-27 Member State. Europe: Crime Index by Country 2018 Chart: Crime Index Select date: 2020 Mid-Year 2020 2019 Mid-Year 2019 2018 Mid-Year 2018 2017 Mid-Year 2017 2016 Mid-Year 2016 2015 Mid … This section provides a list of the tables published in the Immigration Statistics release. Economic Outlook. In contrast, the International Passenger Survey (IPS) non-EU student immigration estimate decreased in the year ending September 2016. More. Africapolis. It is a comprehensive document and covers all aspects of migration and asylum policy by the Directorate-General for Migration and Home Affairs and EU agencies. An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). Portugal, long a country of emigration, that have created big Portuguese communities in France, USA and Brazil has now become a country of net immigration, and not just from the former colonies; by the end of 2003, legal immigrants represented about 4% of the population, and the largest communities were from Cape Verde, Brazil, Angola, Guinea-Bissau, UK, Spain, China and Ukraine. This incredibly handy map shows the immigrant and emigrant populations by country of origin and destination. Eurostat International Migration statistics: Immigration . This cookie is installed by Google Analytics. Immigrants into EU-27 Member States in 2018 were, on average, much younger than the total population already resident in their country of destination. Therefore, an asylum seeker can apply for first time in a given country and afterwards again as first-time applicant in any other country. If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. The largest shares of Moroccans acquired their new citizenship in Spain (38 %), Italy (23 %) or France (23 %) while the majority of Albanians received Greek citizenship (51 %) or Italian citizenship (46 %). Before this, detailed statistics on international migration flows and stock were published by the United Nations Statistics Division in two issues of the Demographic Yearbook: 1977 and 1989. This websites uses cookies for its functionality and to analyse how users are engaging with the site. The Office for National Statistics (ONS) estimate that in 2019, nearly 9.5 million people living in the UK were born abroad, just over 14% of the total population of the UK. Note: The value for different categories of country of birth may not sum to the totals due to rounding. EU-27 Member States granted citizenship to 672 thousand persons in 2018. A total of 20,760 have arrived in Greece so far this year, bringing the total number of arrivals in the EU in 2018 to just over 76,000. (d) of Regulation 862/2007, which states that: ‘Member States shall supply to the Commission (Eurostat) statistics on the numbers of (…) persons having their usual residence in the territory of the Member State and having acquired during the reference year the citizenship of the Member State (…) disaggregated by (…) the former citizenship of the persons concerned and by whether the person was formerly stateless’. As of 2019, the number of international migrants worldwide stood at almost 272 million (or 3.5 percent of the world’s population), according to UN Population Division estimates. Since 2008 the collection of migration and international protection data has been based on Regulation 862/2007 and the analysis and composition of the EU, EFTA and candidate countries groups as of 1 January of the reference year are given in the implementing Regulation 351/2010. Member States retain the right to determine volumes of admission for people coming from third countries to seek work. Back to ‘Immigration Statistics, year ending March 2018’ content page.. 1. Migration flows: Immigration to the EU-27 from non-member countries was 2.4 million in 2018. yearly; quarterly; monthly ; latest data available. On 15th of November 2017, the updated European Agenda on Migration focused on the refugee crisis, a common visa policy, and Schengen. 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